Essential Truths 13 – Salvation

Amazing Rescue                          

The amazing rescue pictured here attempts to illustrate the amazing rescue God reaches out to give each of us – the difference: that man in the rapids KNEW how desperate he was; in contrast, we skip along through life “dead in our sins” (Eph. 2:1-4), enjoying our life of pleasure and indulgence although “condemned already” (Jn. 3:18).Romans 5 – while we were yet helpless

  • 5:6, as sinners we don’t realize how drastically helpless we are – ungodly… v8,sinners…. V10, enemiesSometimes when we tell a person he needs to “be saved”, his only worldly, hedonist response is “from what??” He needs to understand that he is bound for certain destruction because of his sin – he needs rescue!Chapter 5 outlines the abundant blessings of justification – 1, peace – 2, access to grace – 3, joy in tribulation – 5, indwelled by Holy Spirit – 9, saved from God’s wrath – 10, reconciled to God – 15, salvation is a free gift – 17, righteousness – 20, abounding grace – 21, eternal life
  • Miraculous rescue
    • Adam’s sin affected the whole human race  –  this is elaborated in Rom. 1-3Adam’s fall into sin and Jesus’ obedience to the Cross affected all believersThis involves the concept of a “federal” or “seminal” head – a person who stands as representative of many, his actions bring consequences to those he representsKey concept in Rom. 5:18 is “ALL” – all in sin – died for all5:12 & 15 – “one man”

Soteriology – the Great Doctrine                                 

  • The doctrine of Salvation is the pinnacle of biblical theology
    • All of the Truth God reveals in His Word vectors into this primary summit of ScriptureConsider the great themes included in this doctrine which we will study in our next session: redemption, substitution, reconciliation, propitiation, conviction, repentance, faith, regeneration, forgiveness, imputation, expiation, justification, sanctification, glorificationThe “Red Line of Redemption” pointing to the shed blood of Christ on the Cross (1 Jn. 1:7), God began in Gen. 3:21 with provision of animal skins (shed blood) for clothing is traceable through the rest of the Bible – Cain & Abel, Abraham & Isaac, the Passover lamb, the Tabernacle & sacrifices, Rahab, Ruth, Isaiah 53

  • Salvation is the complete work of God to rescue man (please look these references up and note the statements each makes regarding salvation):

    • 3:16, 18, 36; 10:101:3-82:4-101 Pet. 1:3-5
  • The Obvious Need – we know for sure the terribly sinful and desperately needy condition of man. He needs to be rescued! The expansive promises of a new society, the new illusions of new religions, and the new thrills of hedonism fail completely – Paul begins Romans in ch. 1-3 by underscoring the universal, hopeless, sinful condition of man
    • 1:18-32 – without excuse, darkened foolish heart, God gave them up2:1-11 – do you think you will escape God’s judgment?3 – none righteous, all have sinned

  • The Divine Work of Salvation
    • Pursuit – God has been pursuing man ever since the Garden, seeking to bring him back to fellowship – Hosea 11:1-4 is a great illustration of this – today the Gospel is proclaimed, hearers are convicted by the Holy Spirit, drawn to the SaviorRenewal – Romans 6-8 is the preamble of the redeemed man’s relationship with God, a new creature, empowered by the Holy Spirit to be an instrument of righteousness, growing into Christlikeness (Eph.4:13)

“But God…”

  • Salvation is the grace of God unexpectedly inserting itself into our life with two miracles:

    Rescue – while we were blindly following the foolishness of of Satan’s lies (2:1-3), God reached into our life (2:4-5) and gave us New Life in Christ

    Reconciliation – we are Born Again by the miracle of God to adopt us as His children, brought back into intimate relationship with Him (Col. 1:20-22)

    God’s Character is revealed in Salvation:
    • Jn 3:16; 1 Jn. 4:7-10… God’s Love
    • Eph.2:7-9… His grace
    • Psa.89:14; Isa. 58 … His holiness

Three Phases of Salvation

  • God’s Character Revealed in Salvation:
    • His Love – Jn 3:16; 1 Jn. 4:7-10
    • His Grace – 2:7-9
    • His Holiness – 89:14; Isa. 58
  • Past Salvation:  Payment for the Penalty of Sin
    • God’s Holiness necessitates a series of core characteristics which end in penalty:  Holiness leads to > Justice> Judgment > Penalty
    • By faith in The Finished Work of Jesus Christ on the Cross, the believing sinner is rescued once and for all from sin’s penalty and spiritual death (eternal existence in hell separated from fellowship with God)
    • Some key passages about this: 
      • Eph. 2:5, 8; Tit.3:5; Heb. 7:25; 2 Tim. 1:9
    • A Finished Work, Atonement: sin is covered
      • Heb.9-10; Psa. 32:1; Rom. 4:6-8
    • A Perfect Work – complete so that the redeemed believer is declared to be permanently and saved forever
      • John 5:24; 10:28, 29; Rom. 8:1, 37-39; 1Pet. 1:3-5
  • Present Salvation:  The Abundance of New Life for the Believer
    • Current deliverance from the ruling power of sin and the carnal human nature
      • Rom. 8:29;Rom. 13:111 Pet. 1:51 John 3:2
    • Growing towards maturity and Christlikeness
      • Phil 3:12-14Gal. 5:22-23
    • Accomplished by the indwelling power of the Holy Spirit
      • Gal 5:22-23Rom. 8
  • Future Salvation:  the promise of reigning with Christ for eternity
    • This is our “Blessed Hope”
      • Tit. 2:13; 1 Thess. 4:16-18
    • Future deliverance, complete & final by removal from the power, influence and results of sin
    • Accomplished by gaining a glorified body like Christ did after the resurrection (He was the”first fruits“)
      • Rom.8:29; 13:11; 1 Pet 1:5;1 Jn 3:2


The overarching theme of this great work by God to provide our redemption is summed up in the truth of Reconciliation.  We have been brought back into fellowship with our Father God.

  • He changed us from being His enemies to friendship 
    – Instead of warfare & alienation, we are His  beloved sons
    – Rom 5:1, 10; 2 Cor 5:18-19
  • Katalasso”, reconcile – an individual effort by God alone
    – There was another Gk word that meant two working together to rejoin
  • Result of God’s work is complete, final reconciliation
    – Eph 2:16; Col 1:20-21
  • The Source of our reconciliation is God
    – 2 Cor 5:18; also 1 Cor 1:30-31
  • The Agent of our reconciliation is Christ.
    – Rom 5:10-11; 2 Cor. 5:18; Col. 1:20-21; 1 Pet. 2:24
  • The Ministers of our reconciliation is Us!
    – 2 Cor 5:15-21